Here is a collection of articles, books, and other media we have found helpful in our foundational research of religion and power.
Beckford, James A. "The Restoration of "Power" to the Sociology of Religion." Sociology of Religion 44, no. 1 (1983): 11-31. doi:10.2307/3711656.
In this essay, “The Restoration of “Power” to the Sociology of Religion”, author James A. Beckford, a Theology professor at the University of Durham, England, discusses the role power has within different religions, situations, and structures as a way to continue the definition of power. Beckford argues that it is imperative to discuss the role power has within a religion as well as the role that religion has within power structures. To examine both of these routes, Beckford defines numerous types of power: Power which Confounds, Power which Convinces, Power which Contests, Power which Controls, Power which Cultivates, and Power which Cures. Through these definitions, Beckford provides a greater understanding of the effect that power has within religions and the effect that religions have within power dynamics. Beckford’s definition and connection of religion and power offer key concepts important in the research and ongoing work in the CHIRP lab.
Crenshaw, Kimberlé. "The Urgency of Intersectionality" [video] TED Conferences. (2016, October) https://www.ted.com/talks/kimberle_crenshaw_the_urgency_of_intersectionality?language=en
In this TED talk, “The Urgency of Intersectionality”, Kimberlé Crenshaw, a Distinguished Professor of Law at the University of California, Los Angeles whose work has been foundational in critical race theory and intersectionality, discusses the importance of intersectionality. She begs the audience to become aware of the dire need for intersectionality not only within our relationships with one another but also at a much larger structural level. Crenshaw’s idea of intersectionality provides a look into the overlapping of social justice problems bringing awareness to the complexity of these power dynamics. Recognizing these intersectionalities within our world is used to investigate research within the CHIRP lab.
Dean, Mitchell. “The Signature of Power,” Journal of Political Power 5:1, (2012) 101-117, DOI: 10.1080/2158379X.2012.659864.
In this essay, “The Signature of Power”, Mitchell Dean, a professor of Politics and Philosophy at the University of Newcastle, Australia, presents the notion that power can be best understood through the markings it leaves behind, which Dean calls, ‘The Signature of Power’. Dean approaches power by separating it into three categories; power-over, power-with, power-to, in order to examine the signatures each leaves behind. Through these signatures, Dean argues we can begin to understand the meaning of power within any context. The signature of power is a key concept that is used in the CHIRP lab to investigate a multitude of power structures and dynamics, like Religion.
Johnson, Elizabeth A. "Chapter 8: Generous God of the Religions," Quest for the Living God Mapping Frontiers in the Theology of God. Continuum, 2008.
In the eighth chapter of Elizabeth Johnson’s book, Quest for the living God, Johnson, who is a Roman Catholic feminist theology and a professor at Fordham University, discusses the different dialogues that should be used when discussing religions. Johnson defines these different types of dialogues through the; dialogue of life, dialogue of action, dialogue of theological exchange, and dialogue of religious experience. These definitions and examples of how to have dialogue through differing religions is imperative to the work done within the CHIRP lab to continue conversations through many religions and power dynamics.
Kim, Grace Ji-sun, and Susan M. Shaw. "Intersectionality as Theological Method." In Intersectional Theology: An Introductory Guide, 41-64. 2018. doi:10.2307/j.ctv47w2f6.7.
In the chapter “Intersectionality as Theological Method” authors Grace Kim, Professor of Theology at Earlham School of Religion, and Susan Shaw a professor of Women, Gender, and Sexuality Studies at Oregon State University provide an overview into what an intersectional approach to Theology entails and argue for the necessity of intersectional research in furthering the field of Theology. Their article emphasizes the need to consider social location when interpreting source material, and the danger of monolithic understandings that fail to consider factors such as gender, race, sexuality, and cultural context. Kim and Shaw’s chapter provides a thorough explanation of what intersectionality is in Theology and the necessity for this approach in research that seeks justice, such as our own in the CHIRP lab.
McGuire, Meredith B. Lived Religion Faith and Practice in Everyday Life. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. doi:10.2307/j.ctvcm4g4q
In the first chapter of her book Lived Religion Faith and Practice in Everyday Life author Meredith McGuire, a former Professor of Sociology and Anthropology at Trinity University and President of the Society for the Scientific Study of Religion, defends her definition of lived religion by briefly describing four individuals who are not easily categorized into an institutional religion. McGuire argues that we cannot easily label people by institutional religion, and instead we must turn our focus to the everyday lived practices and rituals an individual performs. McGuire offers a concept of religion beyond the previously oversimplified labeling of individuals, a viewpoint we see as vital to the study of Religion in the CHIRP lab.
Young, Iris Marion. “Five Faces of Oppression” in Justice and the Politics of Difference. Princeton; Oxford: Princeton University Press, 1990. doi:10.2307/j.ctvcm4g4q.
In the essay “Five Faces of Oppression” author Iris Marion Young, an American political theorist who served as a Professor of Political Science at the University of Chicago, presents five different “faces of oppression” as an evaluative way to approach the topic of oppression as a whole. Young defines the faces of oppression as exploitation, marginalization, powerlessness, cultural imperialism, and violence. Through these definitions, Young offers examples of the variety of ways oppression can manifest and the lasting effects they have on people of all social groups. Young’s “Five Faces of Oppression” provides the reader with a greater understanding of how insidious oppression can be in a society and helps us at the CHIRP lab analyze the different forms of oppression we recognize when studying Religion and Power.